Antisocial Personality Disorder is a serious mental condition which is characterized by constant disregard and violation of the rights of other human beings. Research proves that this disease takes root early on in the person’s life, it starts showing signs right from childhood or early adolescence and then continues into the adulthood. The key features of this antisocial personality disorder are manipulation and deceit.
However, proper diagnosis cannot be done unless the patient is 18 years of age and exhibits some symptoms of Conduct Disorder by the age of 15. This disorder is usually only diagnosed after these behaviors have become persistent and start to disable and distress daily life of the patient.
What is Antisocial Personality Disorder?
Antisocial personality Disorder, popularly known as the Sociopathic Personality Disorder, is a mental illness. It leads the person to try and violate the rights of others and also exploit them for his or her own benefit. This person shows an abnormal thinking pattern, where he or she completely disregards the feelings and choices of others around them and their behavior can even run a destructive streak.
A more severe form of Antisocial Personality Disorder leads a person to become a Sociopath. These patients don’t know the difference between right and wrong and constantly lie, misbehave and indulge in conflicts. More often than not, patient suffering from Antisocial Personality Disorder has inclination to commit crimes simply because it doesn’t feel wrong to the person. Most patients also indulge in sex, drugs and alcohol and feel they have no obligations to their families or even to the society at large.
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Causes of Antisocial Personality Disorder
Sadly, knowing the causes for Antisocial Personality Disorder is not easy. While for some people it stems from genetic imbalance, for others this disease is a result of childhood trauma and life situations that completely changes how the mind perceives right from wrong. Some researchers say that children who are exposed to an ugly divorce of their parents are more susceptible to this disease. Also, death of a close family member can also trigger the disease in few children and young adults. Psychoanalytic theories have also been linked to the causes of Antisocial Personality Disorder which state that sometimes the disease can be triggered by an emotionally challenging relationship that a child may have with one of his parents. The reasons for developing Antisocial Personality Disorder are varied and different life situations trigger different responses in each individual. This makes it very difficult to pin point exactly what causes one person to develop sociopath tendencies. Only therapy and analysis can give that answer.
Symptoms of Antisocial Personality Disorder
Antisocial Personality Disorder follows a persistent pattern of behavior, thoughts and action of the patient which makes him or her stand out. These people behave in a way that doesn’t fit well with normal society norms, which makes them seek isolation. Only after a child turns 15 years of age can doctors ascertain that he or she suffers from Antisocial Personality Disorder. While the symptoms of Antisocial Personality Disorder can vary from one person to another, they can be broadly categorized to include these aspects
- No regard for society norms and rules. A person feels they can decide what is right or wrong and often tries to even justify criminal activities.
- Constant lying and conning, which comes to this person as second nature. Also no regard of others rights or feelings.
- A person suffering from Antisocial Personality Disorder is reckless, with no regard for their own safety or even of others with them. This person is irresponsible in every way, whether it is with relationships, finances or career goals
- Aggressive and irritable, a person suffering from Antisocial Personality Disorder gets in to conflicts easily and feels no remorse for wrongful actions.
- A person suffering from Antisocial Personality Disorder usually had tendencies to show cruelty against animals or other human beings. This person is destructive and can bully younger children or women.
Treatment for Antisocial Personality Disorder
There are several other conditions like narcissistic personality disorder, substance related disorder and anxiety disorder that can run parallel with Antisocial Personality Disorder in many patients. The best way to treat Antisocial Personality Disorder is through psychotherapy. The main treatment here is to make a person understand he suffers from a mental illness and have him accept the fact that he or she needs helps.
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The therapist will try and make the patient understand that his problems are self created. The therapist must be well qualified to treat a person suffering from Antisocial Personality Disorder because this patient loves conflicts and in fact, thrives on them. So e the therapist must be well aware of how to create a neutral perspective in order to understand the causes that led to the disease and then understand the patients emotions related to them.
Antisocial Personality Disorder is a serious disorder and though hospitalization is rarely required, a patient might need to spend years in therapy to completely recover from all symptoms.